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Apostasy And Antichrist


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#1 Fortigurn

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Posted 14 February 2003 - 08:20 PM

The Early Fathers predicted the rise to power of an apostate system, after the fall of the Roman Empire.

IRENAEUS INTERPRETS DANIEL 2

’Daniel also says particularly, that the end of the fourth kingdom consists in the toes of the image seen by Nebuchadnezzar, upon which came the stone cut out without hands; and as he does himself say:

"The feet were indeed the one part iron, the other part clay, until the stone was cut out without hands, and struck the image upon the iron and clay feet, and dashed them into pieces, even to the end."



The ten toes, therefore, are these ten kings, among whom the kingdom shall be partitioned, of whom some indeed shall be strong and active, or energetic; others, again, shall be sluggish and useless, and shall not agree; as also Daniel says: "Some part of the kingdom shall be strong, and part shall be broken from it.”’

Irenaeus, ‘Against Heresies', Book V, chapter 26, section 1, 185 AD


IRENAEUS INTERPRETS DANIEL 7

'Daniel too, looking forward to the end of the last kingdom, i.e., the ten last kings, amongst whom the kingdom of those men shall be partitioned, and upon whom the son of perdition shall come, declares that ten horns shall spring from the beast, and that another little horn shall arise in the midst of them, and that three of the former shall be rooted up before his face.

He says: "And, behold, eyes were in this horn as the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things, and his look was more stout than his fellows. I was looking, and this horn made war against the saints, and prevailed against them, until the Ancient of days came and gave judgment to the saints of the most high God, and the time came, and the saints obtained the kingdom.“’
Irenaeus, ‘Against Heresies', Book V, chapter 25, section 3, 185 AD


IRENAEUS INTERPRETS REVELATION 13

'In a still clearer light, John, in the Apocalypse, indicated to the Lord's Disciples what shall happen in the last times - and concerning the ten kings who shall then arise, among whom the Empire which now rules, shall be partitioned. He teaches us what the ten horns shall be which were seen by Daniel - telling us that thus it had been said to him:

“And the ten horns which you saw, are ten kings who have received no kingdom as yet.  But they shall receive power, as if kings, one hour with the beast”…’
Irenaeus, ‘Against Heresies', Book V, chapter 26, section 1, 185 AD


HIPPOLYTUS INTERPRETS DANIEL 2

'In those times, the Babylonians were sovereign over all; and these were the golden head of the image.

And then, after them, the Persians held the supremacy for 345 years; and they were represented by the silver.

Then the Greeks had the supremacy, beginning with Alexander of Macedon, for 300 years - so that they were the brass.

After them came the Romans, who were the iron legs of the image.  For they were strong as iron.

Then the toes of clay and iron, to signify the democracies that were subsequently to rise - partitioned among the ten toes of the image, in which iron shall be mixed with clay...’

Hippolytus, 'Scholia on Daniel' Book III, chapter 2 section 31, 200 AD


HIPPOLYTUS INTERPRETS DANIEL 7

'Then he says: "A fourth beast, dreadful and terrible; it had iron teeth and claws of brass." And who are these but the Romans? which is meant by the iron - the kingdom which is now established; for the legs of that [image] were of iron.

And after this, what remains, beloved, but the toes of the feet of the image, in which part is iron and part clay, mixed together? And mystically by the toes of the feet he meant the kings who are to arise from among them; as Daniel also says, "I considered the beast, and lo there were ten horns behind it, among which shall rise another, an offshoot, and shall pluck up by the roots the three before it.“’

Hippolytus, ‘Treatise on Christ and Antichrist’, paragraph 25, 200 AD


HIPPOLYTUS INTERPRETS REVELATION 13

'John then speaks thus:

'And I beheld another Beast coming up out of the Earth. And he had two horns like a lamb, but he spoke like a dragon'...

The words 'he exercised all the power of the First Beast before him'...  signify that, after the manner of the law of Augustus by whom the Empire of Rome was established, he too will rule and govern sanctioning everything by it and taking greater glory to himself.

For this is the Fourth Beast whose head was wounded and healed again...

'Then he {Antichrist} shall with knavish skill heal...  and restore it.’

Hippolytus, ‘Treatise on Christ and AntiChrist’, sections 48-49, 200 AD


SEVERUS INTERPRETS DANIEL 2

‘The golden head is the empire of the Chaldaeans; for we have understood that it was the first and wealthiest.  

The breast and the arms of silver represent the second kingdom; for Cyrus, after the Chaldaeans and the Medes were conquered, conferred the empire on the Persians.  

In the brazen belly it is said that the third sovereignty was indicated; and we see that this was fulfilled, for Alexander took the empire from the Persians, and won the sovereignty for the Macedonians.  

The iron legs point to a fourth power, and that is understood of the Roman empire, which is more powerful than all the kingdoms which were before it.  But the fact that the feet were partly of iron and partly clay, indicates that the Roman empire is to be divided, so as never to be united.’

Sulpicius Severus,’Sacred History’ Book 2, chapter 3, 401 AD


JEROME INTERPRETS DANIEL 2

‘The fourth {kingdom} which holds the city of the World, is the empire of the Romans…’

Jerome, ‘Commentary on Daniel’, chapter 2 section 38, 320 - 420 AD

‘My mind is refreshed, and for the present forgets the woeful calamities that this last age labours with, groaning and travailing in pain, till he who hinders, be taken out of the way, and the feet of the iron statue be broken to pieces by reason of the brittleness of the clayey toes.’

Jerome, ‘Commentary on Ezekiel’, book 8, preface, 320 - 420 AD


JEROME INTERPRETS DANIEL 7

‘Let us  therefore affirm, agreeably to the concurrent judgment of all ecclesiastical writers, that in the consummation of the world, when the Roman Empire is to be destroyed, there shall arise ten kings, who shall share the Roman world among themselves, and that an eleventh king (the little horn in Dan. vii.) shall arise, who shall subdue three of those ten kings…’

Jerome, ‘Commentary on Daniel’, chapter 7 section 20, 320 - 420 AD

‘”that which restrains” - is the Roman empire. For unless it shall have been destroyed and taken out of the midst - according to the Prophet Daniel, Anti-Christ will not come before that.’

Jerome, ‘Commentary on Jeremiah’, chapter 5 section 25, 320 - 420 AD



SUMMARY OF PREDICTIONS MADE 185 - 401 AD


- Irenaeus and Hippolytus predicted accurately the disintegration of the Roman empire into the iron and clay fragments almost 300 years before the destruction of 476 AD concluded that fragmentation

- Irenaeus and Hippolytus predicted accurately that the AntiChrist would emerge from within the Roman system as an apostate individual promoting an apostate religious system

- Hippolytus predicted accurately that imperial Rome would suffer a ‘deadly wound’, from which it would then recover, after which AntiChrist would come to power

- Severus supported the same interpretation some 200 years afterwards, and Jerome insisted that it was coming to pass at the time of his writing, shortly after Severus


THE COMING OF THE MAN OF SIN TO POWER

Description of The Man of Sin - 2 Thessalonians 2:3-8

- An apostate (verse 3)

- A man of sin (verse 3)

- Will oppose and exalt himself above God (verse 4)

- Will lay claim to Divine authority (verse 4)

- Part of a lawless apostasy which already exists (verses 4-6)

- Restrained from being revealed in power until a later time (verse 5)

- Not in power until that which restrains is taken away (verses 6-7)

- Will be destroyed by Christ at his Second Advent (verse 8)

IRENAEUS PREDICTS ANTICHRIST

‘And again, in the Second to the Thessalonians, speaking of Antichrist, he says, "And then shall that wicked be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus Christ shall slay with the Spirit of His mouth…”’

Irenaeus, 'Against Heresies' Book III, chapter 7, section 2, 185 AD

‘And not only by the particulars already mentioned, but also by means of the events which shall occur in the time of Antichrist is it shown that he, being an apostate and a robber, is anxious to be adored as God; and that, although a mere slave, he wishes himself to be proclaimed as a king.

For he being endued with all the power of the devil, shall come, not as a righteous king, nor as a legitimate king, in subjection to God, but an impious, unjust, and lawless one; as an apostate, iniquitous and murderous; as a robber…’

Irenaeus, 'Against Heresies' Book V, chapter 25, section 1, 185 AD


TERTULLIAN PREDICTS ANTICHRIST

’”For that day shall not come, unless indeed there first come a falling away," he means indeed of this present empire, "and that man of sin be revealed," that is to say, Antichrist, "the son of perdition, who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God or religion; so that he sitteth in the temple of God, affirming that he is God…”



Only let him hold fast who now rules, until he is out of the way, who can only be the Roman State, whose breaking apart and dispersal among ten kings will produce the Antichrist, and then will the evil one be revealed…’

Tertullian, ‘On the Resurrection of the Flesh’, chapter 34, 190 AD


HIPPOLYTUS PREDICTS ANTICHRIST

‘…the other little horn that grows up among them meant the Antichrist in their midst; the stone that smites the earth and brings judgment upon the world was Christ.’

Hippolytus, ‘Treatise on Christ and Antichrist’, paragraph 28, 200 AD

‘It is to the fourth kingdom, of which we have already spoken, that he here refers: that kingdom, than which no greater kingdom of like nature has arisen upon the earth; from which also ten horns are to spring, and to be apportioned among ten crowns.

And amid these another little horn shall rise, which is that of Antichrist.’

Hippolytus, ‘Scholia on Daniel’, chapter 7, section 19, 200 AD


CYPRIAN PREDICTS ANTICHRIST

’Moreover, the Antichrist was prophesied to come when the times of the Roman empire have been completed…

But this aforesaid Antichrist is to come when the times of the Roman empire shall have been fulfilled, and the end of the world is now drawing near.

There shall rise up together ten kings of the Romans, reigning in different parts perhaps, but all about the same time; and after these an eleventh, the Antichrist, who by his magical craft shall seize upon the Roman power...’

Cyprian, ‘Lecture 15’, paragraphs 9,12, 315-386 AD


JOHN CHRYSOTOM PREDICTS ANTICHRIST

‘One may first naturally inquire what is that which withholdeth, and after that would know why Paul expresses this so obscurely…  ‘he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.’ That is, when the Roman empire is taken out of the way, then he shall come; and naturally, for as long as the fear of this empire lasts, no one will readily exalt himself; but when that is dissolved, he will attack the anarchy, and endeavor to seize upon the government both of men and of God.’

John Chrysotom, ‘Homilies on Second Thessalonians II 6-9’, 389 AD


JEROME PREDICTS ANTICHRIST

’I shudder when I think of the catastrophes of our time.
The Roman world is falling: yet we hold up our heads instead of bowing them.  



Rome's army, once victor and Lord of the world, now trembles with terror at the sight of the foe;’

Jerome, ‘Letter to Heliodorus’, paragraphs 16,17, 340-420 AD

’But what am I doing? Whilst I talk about the cargo, the vessel itself founders. He that letteth is taken out of the way, and yet we do not realize that Antichrist is near.

Yes, Antichrist is near whom the Lord Jesus Christ 'shall consume with the spirit of his mouth'.’

Jerome, ‘Letter to Ageruchia’, paragraphs 16, 17, 340-420 AD


DESCRIPTION OF THE ANTICHRIST IN POWER

- A religious power with temporal authority
(Daniel 7:25, Revelation 13:5-6)

- Blasphemes against God and demands worship
(Revelation 13:4-6, 15)

- Has power to persecute the people of God for a certain time
(Daniel 7:25, Revelation 13:7)

- Has power over nations and peoples all through the world
(Revelation 13:7)

- Kills all those who oppose it or who refuse to submit to it (Revelation 13:15)

- Prevents those who do not obey it from buying or selling
(Revelation 13:17)

Do we have any takers? Who is the most likely candidate?

#2 Phebe_*

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Posted 14 February 2003 - 08:35 PM

THE COMING OF THE MAN OF SIN TO POWER

Description of The Man of Sin - 2 Thessalonians 2:3-8

- An apostate (verse 3)

- A man of sin (verse 3)

- Will oppose and exalt himself above God (verse 4)

- Will lay claim to Divine authority (verse 4)

- Part of a lawless apostasy which already exists (verses 4-6)

- Restrained from being revealed in power until a later time (verse 5)

- Not in power until that which restrains is taken away (verses 6-7)

- Will be destroyed by Christ at his Second Advent (verse 8)


Great stuff Fort!!

DESCRIPTION OF THE ANTICHRIST IN POWER

- A religious power with temporal authority
(Daniel 7:25, Revelation 13:5-6)

- Blasphemes against God and demands worship
(Revelation 13:4-6, 15)

- Has power to persecute the people of God for a certain time
(Daniel 7:25, Revelation 13:7)

- Has power over nations and peoples all through the world
(Revelation 13:7)

- Kills all those who oppose it or who refuse to submit to it (Revelation 13:15)

- Prevents those who do not obey it from buying or selling
(Revelation 13:17)


Cool! I'm going to use this for an insert!! :cool:

Do we have any takers? Who is the most likely candidate?


Where's that Splitpea? Come on 'pea!! You can answer this one! :cool:




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