The Father – Greater than Christ
Not only is God continuously referred to as being the one Supreme Being, but also Christ acknowledges him as his superior.
Christ is the Son of God, and like any Son, he is in subjection to his Father.
The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.
The Father is in a position to give the Son ‘all things’. It is evident, that the Father is superior to the Son. More evidence for the Father’s superiority –
And therefore did the Jews persecute Jesus, and sought to slay him, because he had done these things on the Sabbath day.
But Jesus answered them, My Father worketh hitherto, and I work.
Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the Sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.
Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.
For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greater works than these, that ye may marvel.
For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
This passage is great because it reveals a lot to us. I’ve highlighted some main points in red. Notice that Christ says that he does his work because of what his Father does. The Jews immediately understood Jesus as equating ‘my Father’ with God – they sought to kill him because he had said God was his Father. Its clear to us that the Jews always understood God Almighty to be the Father. They assume that by claiming sonship he is also claiming equality, but Christ corrects them by saying that The Son cannot do anything of himself – he follows his father’s lead. Christ is clearly saying he is subordinate to His Father.
Furthermore, we see the Father in a position to show the Son ‘all things’. He is also the one that ‘hath committed all judgment’ unto the Son, and was the one ‘which hath sent him’. Clearly Christ was commissioned and empowered by the Father – and also quite clearly in subjection.
Another great example is John 14:28
Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.
John continues in this vein, and quite often speaks of the Father as ‘sending’ Christ. Lets see what other authors have to say:
Luke, in Acts 2:22 says
Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know:
This one is an interesting one – It shows Christ’s subordination as he was approved by God (as a lesser person being approved by a greater entity), but it also highlights the biblical principle of agency – Just as earlier we saw that Christ was the “Arm of Yahweh”, here too we see that the miracles, wonders and signs were done by God – by Christ! Christ, acting on God’s behalf, did the miracles, and thus he represents God to these people.
Luke goes on…
How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
This verse presents a quandary to the Trinitarian dogma – one part of their God anoints another part of their God with the third part of their God. This idea, of course, is silly. Christ is subject to God, and as such is anointed by him to ‘do good’ – and God was with him. This makes no sense if Jesus was God, but perfect sense if Jesus is rather the Son of God.
Not only was Christ subject to God during his ministry on earth, but also is subject to him and will be in subjection to him in the future.
Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.
For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.
And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.
This verse presents a lot of interesting information – There comes a time when Christ’s rule in this world finishes – he delivers up the kingdom to God, his Father. But we are also given insight into the relationship between the Father and the Son. God has put all things under his feet, but Paul states quite obviously that although all things are under his feet, God himself is excepted – God is not under Christ. Paul then goes on to confirm what the other Apostles have said – The Son also himself will be subject unto God.
Its clear from these passages that Jesus was subject to God, is currently subject to God, and will be subject to God in the future.